citizenship rights Dominican Republic

Fears of crisis in Haiti as Dominican Republic resumes controversial deportations (article & video report)

By VICE News, August 15, 2015

continue to video documentary "The deadline for citizenship: Dominican Deadlock" by VICE news. 

After temporarily suspending detentions and deportations for a year to allow migrants of Haitian descent to get their paperwork together to register for legal residency or citizenship, the Dominican Republic has resumed the controversial program. On Friday, Bernardo Jimenez, director of the government's immigrant detention center, said six Haitians had been detained so far, but four were later released after proving that had applied for residency under the state's policy.

Dominican Republic: Thousands demonstrate at Haitian embassy to demand papers

By Kim Ives, Haiti Liberté, August 19, 2015

On Mon., Aug. 17, some 2,000 Haitian migrant workers in the Dominican Republic demonstrated in front of the Haitian Embassy in Santo Domingo to demand identification papers so that they can obtain residency permits in the Dominican Republic.

The demonstration comes after about 15,000 Haitians demonstrated last Wed., Aug. 12 in front of the Dominican National Presidential Palace demanding permanent residency for and no deportations of Haitian cane cutters and their families.

The Dominican Republic's dubious claims about Haitian exodus (2 articles)

haitian exodus DR.jpg

By Mark Phillips, Al Jazeera America, July 3, 2015

A humanitarian crisis erupted in the Dominican Republic (DR) last month, when the government rolled out laws designed to allow the expulsion of massive numbers of Haitian immigrants and Dominicans of Haitian descent. On Monday the DR government reassured the world that although over 25,000 people have left the DR, they did so voluntarily, in “private and air-conditioned buses” provided by the DR government.

This story is designed to soothe the global outcry over the anti-Haitian law. It’s also a lie.

Haiti is far from ready to receive those deported from the Dominican Republic

By Milo Milfort, Haiti Liberté, July 1, 2015

"To facilitate the process, we hope that the crossings [deportation points] are at Malpasse and Ouanaminthe", said Haiti’s Communication Minister Rothchild François Jr. on Fri., Jun. 19, 2015.

"The Contingency Plan which was being prepared is ready and functioning," said the government spokesman.

In May 2015, the Defense Ministry announced the Contingency Plan to receive undocumented Haitians who were to be deported from the neighboring Dominican Republic starting in June.

The Roots of La Sentencia: What's behind the expulsion of Haitians from the Dominican-Republic?

People of Haitian descent born in the Dominican Republic stand in line to apply for a birth certificate listing them as foreigners. Ezequiel Abiu Lopez   AP.jpg

By Elizabeth Mahoney & Rachel Nolan, Jacobin Magazine, June 20, 2015

This week, news broke in the US media that the Dominican Republic is preparing to deport hundreds of thousands of people to Haiti. Most are the children or grandchildren of undocumented Haitian laborers, born in the Dominican Republic and strangers to Haiti. The impending expulsions — expected to begin this past Thursday, but not yet carried out en masse — have inspired condemnation and not a little confusion in the US, where Dominicans have themselves faced racism and harsh immigration policies.

Rachel Nolan, a PhD student in Latin American history at New York University, provides crucial context for these deportations in the May issue of Harper’s magazine. Here Jacobin assistant editor Elizabeth Mahony speaks with Nolan about the legal pretext for the expulsions, the country’s history of anti-Haitian violence, and the US’s role in shaping Dominican immigration policy.

How History has been distorted to justify the Dominican deportations

By Anne Eller, Haiti Liberté, June 24, 2015

Over the past two years, a legal nightmare has grown in the Dominican Republic. Taking aim at Haitians and Dominicans of Haitian descent, the Dominican Constitutional Tribunal issued a ruling in September 2013, made retroactive more than eighty years, stripping citizenship from anyone who cannot prove “regular” residency for at least one parent. Legislation passed in May 2014 allows for a limited and incomplete path to naturalization for some; it amounts to “citizenship by fiat.” The rulings mark a drastic setback for as many as several hundred thousand residents of the Dominican Republic, threatening them with expulsion, statelessness, detention, and abuse. Individuals have already suffered the impact of the new laws. With the rulings, larger-scale detentions might begin, overseen by the Dominican armed forces and the UN, among other groups.

Dominican ruling strands the suddenly stateless

By Julia Harrington Reddy, Miami Herald, 25 March, 2014

On Sunday, Juliana Delguis Pierre went to the airport in Santo Domingo to catch a flight to the U.S. manland — but she never boarded. A U.S. visa was not an issue: She had a travel document issued by the U.S. State Department. No, it was Dominican immigration that stopped her, because she didn’t have a passport. Any passport.

Activist barred from Dominican flight to US

Associated Press, 23 march, 2014

Dominican immigration officers have barred a woman of Haitian descent who's fighting for Dominican citizenship from flying to the U.S. to meet with a human rights body.

A legal challenge by Juliana Deguis Pierre resulted in a Dominican constitutional court ruling last year that could let the government retroactively strip citizenship mostly from people of Haitian descent born in the Dominican Republic.

Pierre went to Santo Domingo's airport Sunday with lawyers headed for a U.S. meeting of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, which will discuss the citizenship issue at a Monday meeting in Washington.

Dominican court rules against undocumented Haitians

Summary

Protest against Dominican Republic making Haitians stateless

By Haiti Support Group (UK)

This past Wednesday, September 25th, the Constitutional Court (CC) of the Dominican Republic issued ruling 168/13. This denies Dominican nationality to anyone born in the country whose parents were undocumented at the time of their registration of birth and will affect anyone born in the country since 1929. Essentially, the State will strip nationality from four generations of people who during eight decades were registered as Dominicans under the Constitution and existing laws.

Further below, from The Guardian: The Dominican Republic and Haiti: one island riven by an unresolved past

This ruling, in violation of at least fifteen articles of the Dominican Constitution, is using racial discrimination to deny nationality. It will affect hundreds of thousands of Dominicans of diverse origins, especially those of Haitian descent whom the State has already been stripping of Dominican identity documents since 2007.